National Household Survey (NHS) and 2011 Population Census data from Statistics Canada show London’s unique ethno-cultural diversity.
Immigrants make up 21.2 percent of London’s population, less than across Ontario, but more than in Canada. At 1.3 percent, London has more non-permanent residents than Ontario or Canada. Non-permanent residents include refugees, students, and Temporary Foreign Workers.
Of the immigrants living in London in 2011, almost 15 percent are recent immigrants, who arrived in Canada in the last five years. Recent immigrants represent 3 percent of London’s population.
London's population speaks about 100 different languages according to the 2011 Census.
One-eighth of London’s population, about 46,000 people, spoke a non-official language at home, either alone or in combination with English or French. Spanish and Arabic are the top non-official languages spoken at home. Top non-official languages spoken across Ontario are Italian and Spanish. Just over one percent of Londoners are unable to have a conversation in English or French.
French is the mother tongue for 1.4 percent of London’s population. Just over 8 percent have knowledge of French, either alone or in combination with English. Less than one percent speak French most often at home, either alone or in combination with another language.
Statistics Canada advises caution in interpreting language trends based on a comparison of 2011 Census data with data from earlier censuses.
According to the NHS, one-sixth of Londoners report being a visible minority. Latin American and Arab are the top visible minority groups, closely followed by Black and South Asian. These four groups account for 62 percent of visible minorities. Across Ontario, 66 percent of visible minorities are South Asian, Chinese or Black.
The NHS reports that almost two-thirds of Londoners identify themselves as Christian, similar to the Province. However, unlike the province as a whole where 23 percent of people have no religious affiliation or connection, 30 percent of Londoners do not identify with any religion.