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Abstract from the UFORE Report

Fieldwork for the assessment and analysis of London’s urban forest by the Urban Forest Effects Model (UFORE) was completed in 2008. Data was collected from 383 randomized and stratified plots for a
statistically reliable assessment of the urban forest structure, function and value. Within London’s Urban Growth Boundary the urban forest provides 24.7% leaf cover, has nearly 4 million healthy trees that would cost more than $1.5 billion to replace and annually delivers about $17 million worth of ecosystem
goods and services (air contaminant removal, greenhouse gas reduction, energy conservation). Recommendations include to develop an urban forest strategy, to set leaf cover goals, to secure plantable space and to improve tree planting efforts by both public and private sectors.

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