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Provincial Emergency Management Program

Ontario's Approach to Emergency Management

The four core components of Ontario's risk-based emergency management program are:

  • Prevention and Mitigation
  • Preparedness
  • Response
  • Recovery

A comprehensive emergency management program is the best way to protect public safety and create disaster-resilient communities. A comprehensive community emergency management program also contributes to the protection of public health, the environment, property and economic stability.

Legislation and Requirements

The Emergency Management and Civil Protection Act defines the roles and responsibilities of emergency management throughout the province.

Ontario Regulation 380/04 provides specific standards for municipalities.

The emergency management program is governed by the following pieces of legislation:

The Office of the Fire Marshal and Emergency Management (OFMEM) has developed these standards to address public safety risks in Ontario by developing community emergency management programs based on the following international best practices:

  • Designation of a community emergency management coordinator
  • Formation of an emergency management program committee
  • Publication of an approved emergency response plan
  • Development of an appropriate community emergency operations centre
  • Identification of critical infrastructure
  • Conduct of annual training for the community control group and emergency operations centre staff
  • Conduct of an annual exercise to evaluate the emergency response plan
  • Identification of individuals to act as emergency information staff
  • Development and implementation of a emergency management public awareness program
  • Conduct of an annual review of the emergency management program

For complete information on Ontario's emergency management program, please visit OFMEM's website:

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