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What is Ranked Choice Voting?

In the 2018 Municipal Elections, The City of London was the first municipality in Canada to use Ranked Choice Voting to elect our next Mayor and City Councillor.

Ranked Choice Voting is a preferential voting method, in which voters can choose and rank their top three candidates in order (1st, 2nd, 3rd).

Also referred to as "Instant-runoff voting", a winner is declared when a candidate receives 50 percent plus one or more of the total votes cast.

What Changed?

  • new ballot
  • voters had the option to rank up to three candidates (learn more)
  • winner needed to receive 50% plus one vote
  • the way we count the votes (learn more)

How does Ranked Choice differ from First-Past-the-Post (FPTP)?

First Past the Post (2014)

Ranked Choice (**new for 2018)

Voters could select one candidate Voters have the option of selecting up to three candidates, and ranking them by preference: 1st choice, 2nd choice, 3rd choice
The candidate with the most votes was elected The candidate who receives 50 percent plus one vote will be elected


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